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Glossary of Terms
WCAG – Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) is developed through the W3C process in cooperation with individuals and organizations around the world, with a goal of providing a single shared standard for web content accessibility that meets the needs of individuals, organizations, and governments internationally.
The WCAG documents explain how to make web content more accessible to people with disabilities. Web “content” generally refers to the information in a web page or web application, including:
- natural information such as text, images, and sounds
- code or markup that defines structure, presentation, etc..
W3C – The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is an international community where Member organizations, a full-time staff, and the public work together to develop.web standards.
508 – Section 508 requires United States federal agencies to make their ICT such as technology, online training, and websites accessible for everyone. This means that federal employees with disabilities are able to do their work on the accessible computers, phones, and equipment in their offices, take online training or access the agency’s internal website to locate needed information. Section 508 also means that a person with a disability applying for a job with the federal government or a person who is using an agency’s website to get information about a program, or completing an online form has access to the same access information and resources available to anyone.
ICT – Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) is a broader term for Information Technology (IT), which refers to all communication technologies, including the internet, wireless networks, cell phones, computers, software, middleware, video-conferencing, social networking, and other media applications and services enabling users to access, retrieve, store, transmit, and manipulate information in a digital form. (see D.A.)
D.A. – Digital/Web Accessibility – Web accessibility means that websites, tools, and technologies are designed and developed so that people with disabilities can use them. More specifically, people can: perceive, understand, navigate, and interact with the Web. And they can further contribute to the Web.
Web accessibility encompasses all disabilities that affect access to the Web, including: